Professional Discourse & Communication

Advanced search

Manifestations of Natural Written Speech: Inscriptions on Photos

Full Text:


The main purpose of this article is to dwell on the consideration of some genres of natural writing. The very concept of “natural written speech” at the present time has not received a complete and comprehensive interpretation. However, recently we have come across its existence much less often. In part, the disappearance of the genres of natural writing is associated with the onset of the digital era, when people stopped writing letters to each other on paper, notes, making notes for themselves, stopped signing photographs. Many genres of writing are capable of giving an idea of the writer in the same way as varieties of oral speech. In natural written speech, some personality traits and linguistic personality are manifested. The aim of the research, presented in the article, is to analyze inscriptions on photographs from the viewpoint of their lexis, punctuation, graphical layout to define the chronotope and personal characteristics of the author, who produces this genre of written discourse. The focus is on the linguistic means of inscriptions on photos, i.e. graphic, lexical, derivational and some others. In the process of analyzing such a genre of writing as inscriptions on photographs, the main varieties of this genre were identified: inscriptions made as a memento, inscriptions that represent the definition of an event or time and place; inscriptions made to convey information to close relatives, etc. In addition, the inscriptions on photographs can be classified by keywords, if possible, determining the chronotope, by the use of graphic means, by the location of the inscription itself in the photograph. To a certain extent, the inscriptions made on photographs reflect the personality traits of a person. The analysis shows, that the inscriptions on photographs have become somewhat of a harbinger of personal pages on Instagram.

About the Authors

N. A. Krasovskaya
Tula State Lev Tolstoy Pedagogical University
Russian Federation

Nelly A. Krasovskaya

P. Yu. Kositsina
Tula State Lev Tolstoy Pedagogical University
Russian Federation

Polina Yu. Kositsina


1. Baudouin de Courtenay, I.A. (1912). Ob otnoshenii russkogo pis'ma k russkomu yazyku: izbran-nyye trudy po obshchemu yazykoznaniyu. [On the relationship of Russian writing: selected works on general lingustics]. St. Petersburg, Ed. Sib. “Renewal of the shk.” (in Russian).

2. Evseeva, I.V, Kulakova, S.V. (2014). Tipy fotosnimkov i soputstvuyushchiye im podpisi [Types of photographs and accompanying signatures]. Man and language in the communicative space: a collection of scientific articles. Krasnoyarsk, Vol. 5, Issue 5, 20-26 (in Russian).

3. Evseeva, I.V, Morozova, A.D. (2017). Rechevoy zhanr «Avtograf avtora na knige» [Speech genre author Author's autograph on the book]. Yazykoznanie i literaturovedenie. No. 1 (15). Retrieved from https://cyberleninka.rU/article/n/rechevoy-zhanr-avtograf-avtora-na-knige/viewer (accessed: 1 March, 2021) ( in Russian).

4. Kakorina, E. V. (2007). SMI i Internet-kommunikatsiya (oblasti peresecheniya i vzaimodeystviya) [Mass media and Internet communication (areas of intersection and interaction)]. The language of modern journalism: collection of articles. Moscow, Flinta, 67-98 (in Russian).

5. Karaulov, Yu. N. (1987). Russkiy yazyk i yazykovaya lichnost [Russian language and language personality]. Moscow, Nauka. 29 (in Russian).

6. Krasovskaya, N.A. (2020). Russkoyazychnoye setevoye obshcheniye: regional’nyye cherty, smysly, osobennosti upotrebleniya yazykovykh yedinits [Russian-language network communication: regional features, meanings, features of the use of language units]. Facets of language: communicative-linguistic, sociocultural, philosophical and psychological aspects: collection of scientific articles. Vitebsk: VSU named after P. M. Masherov, 74-79 (in Russian).

7. Krongauz, M.A. (2016). Na samom dele nikakogo yedinogo yazyka v intemete net [In fact, there is no single language on the Internet]. Kommersant. Style. Retrieved from (Accessed: 1 March, 2021) (in Russian).

8. Lebedeva, N.B. (2001). Yestestvennaya pis’mennaya russkaya rech’ kak ob”yekt issledovaniya [Natural written Russian speech as an object of research]. Bulletin of Barnaul. st. ped. un-ty. The Humanities science, Vol. 1, 4-10 (in Russian).

9. Lebedeva, N.B. (2001). Yestestvennaya pis’mennaya russkaya rech’: problemy izucheniya [Natural Russian written speech: problems in the study]. Russian language: historical development and modern times: the international Congress of Russian language researchers: papers and materials. Moscow, MGU, 260-261 (in Russian).

10. Lebedeva, N.B. (2000). Russkaya yestestvennaya pis’mennaya rech’: problemy i zadachi lab-oratornogo issledovaniya [Russian natural written speech: problems and tasks of laboratory research]. Actual problems of Russian studies. Tomsk, National Research Tomsk State University, 257-263 (in Russian).

11. Lebedeva, N.B., Kazantseva, I.V. (2008). Zhanr «Zametki na polyakh» [Genre “Notes in the Margins”]. Bulletin of the Kemerovo State University, Issue 2 (34), 146-149 (in Russian).

12. Luria, A.R. (1979) Yazyk i soznaniye. Sposoby analiza pis’mennogo teksta [Language and consciousness. Methods of analysis of the written text]. Moscow, Moscow Publishing House (in Russian).

13. Nikolaeva, T.M. (1961). Pis’mennaya rech’ i spetsifika yeye izucheniya [Written speech and the specifics of its study]. Questions of linguistics, Vol. 3, 78 - 86 (in Russian).

14. Rabenko, T.G. (2018). Zhanry yestestvennoy pis’mennoy russkoy rechi v variantologicheskom aspekte [Genres of natural written Russian speech in the variantological aspect] (abstract of the Doctor of Philology thesis). Kemerovo (in Russian).

15. Rabenko, T.G., Kryuchkina, N.Yu. (2016). Lichnoye pis’mo kak zhanr yestestvennoy pis’mennoy rechi: gendernyy aspekt [Personal writing as a genre of natural written speech: gender aspect]. Natural written Russian speech: research and educational aspects. Kemerovo: Kemerovo State University, 175-180 (in Russian).

16. Rabenko, T.G., Lebedeva, N.B. (2016). K sootnosheniyu zhanrov yestestvennogo i khudozhest-vennogo diskursov: postanovka problemy (na primere zhanra «pis’mo v redaktsiyu») [On the correlation of genres of natural and artistic discourses: setting the problem (on the example of the genre “letter to the editor”)]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, Issue 1 (39), 50-61 (in Russian).

17. Smyslov, D.A. (2016). Psikhologicheskaya grafologiya. Proyektivnyy metoddiagnostiki lichnosti. [Psychological graphology. The projective method of personality diagnostics]. Moscow, CPI MP-SEI (in Russian).

18. Sukhoterina, T.P. (2012). Zhanry yestestvennoy pis’mennoy rechi. Narodnyye memuary [Genres of natural written speech. Folk memoirs] (a monograph). Barnaul, AltSPA (in Russian).

19. Vachek, Th. (1967). K probleme pis’mennogo yazyka [To the problem of written language]. Moscow, Progress (in Russian).

20. Zolotova, E.S. (2012). Zhanry yestestvennoy pis’mennoy rechi predprinimateley [Genres of natural written speech of entrepreneurs]. Linguistics and literary studies. Retrieved from (Accessed: 1 March, 2021) (in Russian).

For citation:

Krasovskaya N.A., Kositsina P.Yu. Manifestations of Natural Written Speech: Inscriptions on Photos. Professional Discourse & Communication. 2021;3(1):39-48. (In Russ.)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ISSN 2687-0126 (Online)