Preview

Professional Discourse & Communication

Advanced search

Discourse of the British press as the main factor of the formation of conceptual vision of the world

https://doi.org/10.24833/2687-0126-2019-1-3-26-40

Full Text:

Abstract

Discourse is one of the basic notions in linguistics due to its specificity which lies in representation, interpretation and conceptualization of any activity including professional one. In the host of institutional discourse types media discourse is quite prominent as it provides a communicative and cognitive representation of professional or other activities and reflects a combination of conceptual, linguistic, extralinguistic, sociocultural, pragmatic, psychological and cognitive features of the media product author and the consumer (both individual and society as a whole). The research shows that the main functional component of the media discourse is actualized in the informative and impact function, with impact tending to prevail. From this perspective the involvement of the British press discourse in building up the recipient’s conceptual vision of the world is analyzed; the article exemplifies linguistic means of explicit or implicit instilling in readers’ minds of the addresser’s subjective interpretation of information instead of presentation of pure facts. This leads to the inference about an inextricable connection between the conceptual and the discursive world pictures.

The article contains the press discourse typology based on cognitive and sociocultural criteria. The most interesting representatives of the binary opposition of the press discourse types are the discourse of the British quality press and the discourse of the British popular press. The author discloses three aspects (stylistic, structure- and content-related, pragmatic) of the British press specificity exemplifying them by the analysis of sample texts of both types. The revealed features of the said discourse types are compared, and certain findings are presented on the identity and difference in their use of tools of the author’s intention verbalization. The main tools of verbalization are linguistic means of expression, recurrent constructions, modal constructions, introductory words, contracted negative forms and others.

About the Author

Y. V. Akimtseva
Tula State Lev Tolstoy Pedagogical University
Russian Federation

Yulia V. Akimtseva



References

1. Abdullah, F.S. (2014). Mass media discourse: a critical analysis research agenda. Pertanika journal of social sciences & humanities, 22, pp. 1-16.

2. Apresyan, Yu.D. (1995). Integral’noe opisanie yazyka i sistemnaya leksikografiya: izbrannye trudy v 2-h t. T. II. [Integral description of the language and systematic lexicografia: selected works in 2 vol. Volume 2]. Moscow: Shkola “Yazyki russkoj kul’tury” (in Russian).

3. Arutyunova, N.D. (2000). Diskurs [Discourse]. In V.N. Yarceva (Eds.). Yazykoznanie. Bol’shoj ehnciklopedicheskij slovar’ [Linguistics. Unabridged encyclopoedic dictionary], 2nd edition (pp. 136-137), Moscow: Bol’shaya Rossijskaya ehnciklopediya (in Russian).

4. Arutyunova, N.D. (1994). Istina: fon i konnotaciya [Truth: background and connotation]. Logicheskij analiz yazyka: kul’turologicheskie koncepty [Logic analysis of the language: culturological concepts], Moscow: Nauka, 21-30 (in Russian).

5. Boguslavskaya, V.V. (2008). Modelirovanie teksta: lingvosociokul’turnaya koncepciya. Analiz zhurnalistskih tekstov [Modelling of the text: linguistic and sociocultural vision. Analysis of journal texts]. Moscow: URSS Editorial (in Russian).

6. Collins dictionary. Retrieved from https://www.collinsdictionary.com/ (accessed: 19 April, 2019).

7. Colvin, C. (2014). Opera reviews: Puccini’s Manon Lescaut and Bizet’s Pearl Fishers. Express. 22 June 2014. Retrieved from https://www.express.co.uk/entertainment/theatre/483700/Manon-Lescaut-by-Puccini-at-the-Royal-Opera-House-review (accessed: 19 April, 2019).

8. Dijk, T. van. (2012). Discourse and knowledge. In J.P. Gee & M. Handford (Eds.). Handbook of Discourse Analysis (pp. 587-603), London: Routledge.

9. Dobrosklonskaya, T.G. (2015). Massmedijnyj diskurs v sisteme medialingvistiki [Mass media discourse in the system of medialinguistics]. Medialingvistika [Medialinguistics], 1(6), 45-57 (in Russian).

10. Hunter, A. (2014). Camille Claudel 1915 review: Juliette Binoche in harrowing mental asylum biopic. Express. 20 June 2014. Retrieved from: https://www.express.co.uk/entertainment/films/483462/Sculptor-and-Rodin-muse-film-Camille-Claudel-1915-review-and-trailer (accessed: 19 April 2019).

11. Jakobsen, B. le F. (2008). News in global mass media discourse - a multimodal, systemic and sociological discussion. Systemic functional linguistics in use, OWPLC 29, 434-443. ’

12. Jenkins, S. (2014). How Putin plays the crisis in Ukraine will decide his fate. The Guardian. 24 February 2014. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/feb/24/putin-crisis-ukraine-decide-fate (accessed: 18 May, 2019).

13. Karasik, V.I. (2000). O tipah diskursa [On the types of discourse]. Yazykovaya lichnost’: instituacional’nyj i personal’nyj diskurs: sbornik nauchnyh trudov [Language personality: institutional and personal discourse: Collected works], Volgograd: Peremena, 5-20 (in Russian).

14. Khramchenko, D.S. (2016). Evolyucionnye processy anglijskogo delovogo diskursa [Evolutionary processes of English business discourse]. Lingvostranovedenie: metody analiza, tekhnologiya obucheniya [Linguistic country studies], 75-85 (in Russian).

15. Khramchenko, D.S. (2017). Kooperativnyj effekt pragmaticheskogo vozdejstviya v anglijskom diskurse mass-media [Cooperative effect of pragmatic influence in the English discourse of the media]. Voprosy prikladnoj lingvistiki [Issues of applied linguistics], 3(27), 86-95 (in Russian).

16. Kibrik, A.A., & Plungyan, V.A. (2002). Funkcionalizm [Functionalism]. Sovremennaya amerikanskaya lingvistika: fundamental’nye napravleniya [Fundamental areas of modern American linguistics], Moscow: Editorial URSS, 276339 (in Russian).

17. Klushina, N.I. (2008). Stilistika publicisticheskogo teksta [Stylistics of media text]. Moscow: Moscow State University (in Russian).

18. Kolshansky, G.V. (1975). Sootnoshenie sub’ektov i ob’ektivnyh faktorov v yazyke [Correlation of subject and objective factors in the language]. Moscow: Nauka (in Russian).

19. Kubryakova, E.S. (2000). O ponyatiyah diskursa i diskursivnogo analiza v sovremennoj lingvistike [On the concepts of discourse and discursive analysis in modern linguistics]. Diskurs, rech’, rechevaya deyatel’nost’: funkcional’nye i strukturnye aspekty [Discourse, speech, speech activity: functional and structural aspects], Moscow: INION RAN, 7-25 (in Russian).

20. Kuek, F.A. (2005). Yazykovye sredstva gazetnogo diskursa: leksiko-semanticheskie i pragmaticheskie aspekty: diss. ... kand. filol. nauk [Language means of newspaper discourse: lexical, semantic and pragmatic aspects (Candidate thesis)]. Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russia (in Russian).

21. Leontiev, A.A. (1974). Osnovy teorii rechevoj deyatel’nosti [Basics of theory of speech activity]. Moscow: Nauka (in Russian).

22. McNamara, K.R. (2016). Brexit’s false democracy: what the vote really revealed. Foreign affairs. 28 June 2016. Retrieved from: https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/united-kingdom/2016-06-28/brexits-false-democracy (accessed: 18 May, 2019).

23. Milrud, R.P. (2005). Vvedenie v lingvistiku [Introduction to linguistics]. Moscow: Drofa (in Russian).

24. O’Keeffe, A. (2011). Media and discourse analysis. In J. Gee & M. Handford (Eds.). The Routledge handbook of discourse analysis (pp. 441-454), London: Routledge.

25. Oxford dictionary. Retrieved from: https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/ (accessed: 11 May, 2019).

26. Rezanova, Z.I., Katunin, D.A., Ermolenkina, L.I., & Mishankina, N.A. (2006). Yazykovaya kartina mira: predmet i metody issledovaniya [Language vision of the world: object and methods of its research]. Diskursivnye kartiny mira: teoriya ipraktika sotsiolingvisticheskogo issledovaniya: uchebno-metodicheskoe posobie [Language vision of the world: object and methods of its research], Tomsk, 7-19 (in Russian).

27. Telia, V.N. (1986). Konnotativnyj aspekt semantiki nominativnyh edinic [Connotative aspect of semantics of nominative units]. Moscow: (in Russian).

28. Temnikova, L.B. (2016). K voprosu o tipologii mediadiskursa [To the question of types of media discourse]. Nauchnyj zhurnal KubGAU [Academic journal of Kuban State Agrarian University], 119(05), 1-13 (in Russian).

29. Schweizer, A.D. (2009). Kontrastivnaya stilistika. Gazetno-publicisticheskij stil’ v anglijskom i russkom yazykah [Contrastive linguistics. Newspaper and science style in the English and Russian languages]. Moscow: Editorial URSS (in Russian).

30. What Russia thinks of Brexit - and how it could gain from a fractured Europe. The Guardian. 11 July 2016. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/jul/11/what-russia-thinks-of-brexit-and-how-it-could-gain-from-a-fractured-europe (accessed: 18 May, 2019).


For citation:


Akimtseva Y.V. Discourse of the British press as the main factor of the formation of conceptual vision of the world. Professional Discourse & Communication. 2019;1(3):26-40. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24833/2687-0126-2019-1-3-26-40



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


ISSN 2687-0126 (Online)