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Some features of the organization of communication in the course of a dialect research

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The main purpose of the article is to analyze the features of the organization of communication in the course of dialectological research. On the one hand communicative situations in which a linguist-researcher finds himself are similar in many respects to a variety of other situations of communication, on the other hand they have a number of features. The relevance of this study is that such professional communication allows you to record a markedly changing form of language. Archaic dialects and dialects of the Russian language are gradually disappearing, their speakers are passing away, so it is important to record any manifestation of dialect features. It can be difficult to organize communication with native speakers, because it is necessary to take into account not only the main goals facing the researcher, but also a whole set of objective and subjective factors that can significantly affect the results of the study and the quality of the dialect material collected in the field. Such important factors of communication organization with speakers include estimated and possible time of communication, quantitative composition of informants, their social, educational, professional status, physical and mental health, lifestyle, character qualities, habits. An important role in the organization of communication in the field plays a place of communication or possible spatial organization, technical and other obstacles that may accompany the process of communication. Of course the process of communication, specific methods and techniques of its organization mainly depend on the set of goals that face the researcher. However, it should be remembered that in addition to the main tasks that a linguist sets himself in the preparation of field studies, a variety of additional information can be obtained in the course of communication, which can be as important as the dialect elements recorded by the dialectologist. Such important information can include recording memories, familiarity with artifacts, determining the structure of rituals and much more.

About the Author

N. A. Krasovskaya
Tula State Lev Tolstoy Pedagogical University
Russian Federation

Nelly А. Krasovskaya


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For citations:

Krasovskaya N.A. Some features of the organization of communication in the course of a dialect research. Professional Discourse & Communication. 2019;1(3):72-83. (In Russ.)

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