Preview

Professional Discourse & Communication

Advanced search

Dialectal vocabulary of labour activities of the people residing on the banks of the Nepryadva River

https://doi.org/10.24833/2687-0126-2020-2-2-47-57

Full Text:

Abstract

The main goal of this article is to draw readers' attention to the dialectal vocabulary, which belongs to the thematic group of labour. Dialectal vocabulary is most often associated with historical facts, it reflects the traditional worldview of a person, his/her system of values. The article considers lexical units that were recorded on a territory rich in its historical and cultural past. This article is devoted to the analysis of dialectal vocabulary, reflecting labour activity and professional occupation of people living in the basin of the upper reaches of the Nepryadva River. Since ancient times, the population of this region was engaged in various activities and crafts. The thematic group “Labour activity” comprises a whole complex of subgroups that have repeatedly become the subject of consideration by linguists. In the framework of the article, the authors focus on the lexical empirical material that exists in the Tula group of dialects. They analyze a particular part of lexis that reflects important areas of human activity, such as field cultivation, gardening, horticulture, animal husbandry, poultry farming. As a result of the study, it is concluded that the dialectal vocabulary of the specified thematic group is a system, and the selected empirical material makes it possible to see the identity in the dialects of the studied settlements and certain differences. It should be emphasized that, despite the persistent tendency to leveling, dialectal lexical units related to the thematic group of labour continue to exist in modern dialects of the Russian language. The considered lexical units and samples of dialectal professional discourse require further scientific consideration.

About the Authors

N. A. Krasovskaya
Tula State Lev Tolstoy Pedagogical University
Russian Federation
Tula


L. V. Kilmamatova
Tula State Lev Tolstoy Pedagogical University
Russian Federation
Tula


References

1. Chumakova, Yu.P. (1995). Leksika tradicionnogo tkachestva v govorah rajona Bogoslovshchina Ryazanskoj oblasti (semanticheskaya, dialektologicheskaya i etimologicheskaya harakteristika) [The vocabulary of traditional weaving in the dialects of the Theological District of the Ryazan region (semantic, dialectological and etymological characteristics)]. Ryazan: Ryazan ethnographer messenger (in Russian).

2. Grevcova, T.E. (2016). Kulturnaya terminologiya russkoj svadby na vostochnoslavyanskom fone: obryadovyj hleb [The cultural terminology of the Russian wedding on the East Slavic background: ceremonial bread] (Doctoral thesis). Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia (in Russian).

3. Hotinskij, N.A. (1988). Kovyl-trava na Kulikovom pole [Feather grass on the Kulikovo field]. Moscow: Mysl’ (in Russian).

4. Karpov, A.N. (1997). Pchelovodcheskij slovar [Beekeeping dictionary]. Moscow: Russian language (in Russian).

5. Kilmamatova, L.V. (2019). Nekotorye osobennosti dialektnyh glagolov, rasprostranennyh na territorii verhnego techeniya reki Nepryadvy [Some features of dialect verbs that are common in the upper reaches of the Nepryadva River]. Jazyk Bol’shoj zasechnoj cherty: sbornik nauchnyh statej, posvjashhennyh 500-letiju Tul’skogo kremlja i Bol’shoj zasechnoj cherty [The Great Segment Line: a collection of scientific articles dedicated to the 500th anniversary of the Tula Kremlin and the Great Segment Line], Tula: Tula Polygraphist, 38-44 (in Russian).

6. Korolkova, M.D. (2018). Remeslennaya leksika russkih govorov Prisurskogo Povolzh’ya [Craft vocabulary of Russian dialects of the Prisursky Volga region] (Candidate thesis). Institute of Linguistic Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia (in Russian).

7. Korolkova, M.D., & Suhachev, L.N. (2019). Rasskaz o remesle kak otnositel’no ustojchivyj rechevoj zhanr (k postanovke problemy) [The story of the craft as a relatively stable speech genre (to the formulation of the problem)]. Diskurs professional’noj kommunikacii [Discourse of professional communication], 1(3), 8492 (in Russian).

8. Kosharnaya, S.A. (2016). Dialektizmy i regionalizmy v sisteme fitonimicheskoj leksiki Belogor'ya [Dialectisms and regionalisms in the system of phytonymic vocabulary of Belogorye]. Nauchnye vedomosti BelGU [Scientific reports of Belgorod State University], 30. Retrieved from https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/dialektizmy-iregionimy-v-sisteme-fitonimicheskoy-leksiki-belogorya/viewer (accessed: 14 March, 2020) (in Russian).

9. Krapivina, M.S. (2012). Dialektnaya terminologicheskaya leksika (na materiale ryboloveckoj leksiki donskogo kazachestva) [Dialect terminological vocabulary (based on the fishing vocabulary of the Don Cossacks)]. Vestnik Cheljabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Filologija. Iskusstvovedenie [Bulletin of Chelyabinsk State University. Series: Philology. Art criticism], Vol. 69, Issue 23(277), 71-74 (in Russian).

10. Krasovskaya, N.A. (2018). Narodnye tradicii i obryady: otrazhenie ih svoeobraziya v leksike tulskih govorov [Folk traditions and rites: a reflection of their identity in the vocabulary of Tula dialects]. Aktual’nye problemy russkoj dialektologii: materialy mezhdunarodnoj konferencii [Actual problems of Russian dialectology: materials of an international conference], Moscow, 136-139 (in Russian).

11. Piskunova, S.V., Mahracheva, T.V., & Gubareva, V.V. (2001). Slovar tambovskih govorov (duhovnaya i materialnaya kultura) [Dictionary of Tambov dialects (spiritual and material culture)]. Tambov: Publishing House of TSU named after G.R. Derzhavina (in Russian).

12. Tokarev, G.V. (2003). Koncept kak ob’ekt lingvokulturologii (na materiale reprezentacij koncepta “Trud” v russkom yazyke): monografiya [A concept as an object of linguoculturology (based on representations of the concept of “Labor” in the Russian language”: monograph]. Volgograd: Change (in Russian).

13. Filin, F.P. (1982). O leksiko-semanticheskih gruppah slov [On the lexical and semantic groups of words]. Ocherki po teorii jazykoznanija [Essays on the theory of linguistics], Moscow: Science, 227-239 (in Russian).


For citation:


Krasovskaya N.A., Kilmamatova L.V. Dialectal vocabulary of labour activities of the people residing on the banks of the Nepryadva River. Professional Discourse & Communication. 2020;2(2):47-57. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.24833/2687-0126-2020-2-2-47-57



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


ISSN 2687-0126 (Online)