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Dialectal vocabulary of labour activities of the people residing on the banks of the Nepryadva River

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The main goal of this article is to draw readers' attention to the dialectal vocabulary, which belongs to the thematic group of labour. Dialectal vocabulary is most often associated with historical facts, it reflects the traditional worldview of a person, his/her system of values. The article considers lexical units that were recorded on a territory rich in its historical and cultural past. This article is devoted to the analysis of dialectal vocabulary, reflecting labour activity and professional occupation of people living in the basin of the upper reaches of the Nepryadva River. Since ancient times, the population of this region was engaged in various activities and crafts. The thematic group “Labour activity” comprises a whole complex of subgroups that have repeatedly become the subject of consideration by linguists. In the framework of the article, the authors focus on the lexical empirical material that exists in the Tula group of dialects. They analyze a particular part of lexis that reflects important areas of human activity, such as field cultivation, gardening, horticulture, animal husbandry, poultry farming. As a result of the study, it is concluded that the dialectal vocabulary of the specified thematic group is a system, and the selected empirical material makes it possible to see the identity in the dialects of the studied settlements and certain differences. It should be emphasized that, despite the persistent tendency to leveling, dialectal lexical units related to the thematic group of labour continue to exist in modern dialects of the Russian language. The considered lexical units and samples of dialectal professional discourse require further scientific consideration.

About the Authors

N. A. Krasovskaya
Tula State Lev Tolstoy Pedagogical University
Russian Federation

L. V. Kilmamatova
Tula State Lev Tolstoy Pedagogical University
Russian Federation


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For citations:

Krasovskaya N.A., Kilmamatova L.V. Dialectal vocabulary of labour activities of the people residing on the banks of the Nepryadva River. Professional Discourse & Communication. 2020;2(2):47-57. (In Russ.)

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