Professional Discourse & Communication

Advanced search


Full Text:


Research into professional discourse is closely connected with the multilayer analysis of ESP within the cognitive linguistic framework. It is very important to consider the anthropocentric focus of the cognitive discursive paradigm and the special attention traditionally paid to the linguistic representation of certain mental structures which serve as a basis for professional communication. Medical discourse studies have a lot to do with the communicative activity involving human life and health, that is why medical discourse needs to be analyzed from the viewpoints of anthropocentric and functional linguistic approaches, as research into various kinds of verbal interactions encompasses both professional communication among specialists and patient-doctor communication, a patient functioning simultaneously as the subject and the recipient of medical aid. As far as specific mental structures are concerned, verbal expressiveness depends on the functional properties of corresponding language units, their pragmatic and communicative characteristics, which tend to be manifested in conceptual metaphorical representation. The aim of this article is to analyze vast empirical material and single out the most significant cognitive linguistic peculiarities of modern English medical discourse. Cognitive linguistic approach allows scientists to define the essence of professional languages as well as to contemplate other research prospects in the context of medical discourse analysis.

About the Authors

E. A. Vishnyakova
Leo Tolstoy Tula State Pedagogical University
Russian Federation

O. D. Vishnyakova
Lomonosov Moscow State University
Russian Federation

A. V. Kiseleva
Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia
Russian Federation


1. Aleksandrova, O.V. (2014). Formirovanie mirovozzrenija na osnove jazykovoj leksicheskoj grammaticheskoj sistemy obuchenijab [Forming a Worldview Based on the Language Lexical Grammatical System of Learning]. Vestnik MGU. Seriya 19: Lingvistika i mezhkul’turnaja kommunikacija [Bulletin of Moscow State University. Series 19: Linguistics and Intercultural Communication], 3, 19-27 (in Russian).

2. Aleksandrova, O. (2015). Convergence of languages and cultures. Language, Literature and Culture as Domains of Intercultural Communication. International scientific seminar, October 26, 2014 – November 2, 2014, Prague, Czech Republic, Pilsen: University of West Bohemia in Pilsen, 17-21.

3. Beaugrande, R. de. (1985). Text linguistics in discourse studies. In T.A. van Dijk (Eds.), Handbook of Discourse Analysis, Vol. 1. Disciplines of Discourse, (pp. 40-70).

4. Cambridge advanced learner’s dictionary. (2005). Cambridge University Press.

5. Croft, W., & Cruse, D.A. (2005). Cognitive Linguistics. Cambridge University Press.

6. Fauconnier, G. (2003). Mental Spaces. Cambridge University Press.

7. Dictionary of medical terms. (2007). London: A. & C. Black.

8. Difference between information and knowledge. (2016). Accessed 15 April 2018.

9. Dijk, T.A. van. (1993). Principles of critical discourse analysis, Volume 4, Issue 2. University of Amsterdam.

10. Dijk, T.A. van. (1998). Discourse, knowledge and ideology: reformulating old questions and proposing some new solutions. Communicating Ideologies. Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Language. Discourse and Social Practice, Frankfurt am Mein: Peter Lang, 5-38.

11. Dijk, T.A., van. (2008). Discourse and power. Palgrave Macmillan.

12. Karpova, O.M. (2010). Leksikografija Anglijskogo jazyka [Lexicography of the English Language]. Moscow: Akademiya (in Russian).

13. Kubryakova, E.S. (2000). O formirovanii smysla v aktah semiozisa [On the Formation of Meaning in the Acts of Semiosis]. Kognitivnye aspekty jazykovoj kategorizacii [Cognitive Aspects of Language Categorization], Ryazan: Ryazanskij gosudarstvennyj pedagogicheskij universitet [Ryazan state pedagogical university], 26-29 (in Russian).

14. Kubryakova, E.S. (2012). V poiskah sushhnosti jazyka: Kognitivnye issledovanija [In Search of the Essence of Language: Cognitive Research]. Moscow: Znak (in Russian).

15. Kubryakova, E.S., Aleksandrova, O.V. (1999). O konturah novoj paradigmy znanij v lingvistike [On the Outlines of the New Paradigm of Knowledge in Linguistics]. Struktura i semantika hudozhestvennogo teksta: Doklady VII mezhdunarodnoj konferencii [The Structure and Semantics of the Literary Text: Reports of the VII International Conference], 2, 187-197 (in Russian).

16. Longman dictionary of English language and culture. (2008). Harlow, Essex, England: Pearson Education Limited.

17. Longman WordWise dictionary. (2007). Harlow, Essex, England: Pearson Education Limited.

18. Malyuga, E.N., & Tomalin, B. (2017). Communicative strategies and tactics of speech manipulation in intercultural business discourse. Training Language and Culture, Vol. 1, No. 1, 28-47.

19. Marcovitch, H. (Ed.). (2007). Black’s medical dictionary, 41st ed. London: A. & C. Black.

20. Marganija, E.V. (2011). Osobennosti funkcional’no-pragmaticheskoj adaptacii terminologicheskih edinic v nauchno-populjarnyh tekstah medicinskogo soderzhanija (Avtoreferat doktorskoj dissertacii) [Specificity of Functional and Pragmatic Adaptation of Terminological Units in Popular Science Medical Texts (Abstract of a doctoral dissertation)]. Belgorod (in Russian).

21. Novodranova, V.F. (2009). Kognitivnye osnovy rasprostranenija informacii v nauchnom tekste [Cognitive Bases of Information Dissemination in a Scientific Text]. Gorizonty sovremennoj lingvistiki: tradicii i innovacii: Sb. v chest’ E.S. Kubrjakovoj [Horizons of Modern Linguistics: Traditions and Innovations], Moscow: Jazyki slavjanskih kul’tur, 194-198 (in Russian).

22. Ponomarenko, E.V. (2016). Functional properties of English discourse in terms of linguosynergetics. 3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts. SGEM 2016, www., SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, Book 1, Vol. 3, 355-362.

23. Vishnyakova, O.D. (2017). Kognitivnye aspekty predstavlenija terminologicheskih edinic v medicinskih slovarjah [Cognitive Aspects of the Representation of Terminological Units in Medical Dictionaries]. Mezhdunarodnyj kongress po kognitivnoj lingvistike [International Congress on Cognitive Linguistics], Belgorod: BSU, 740-744 (in Russian).

24. Vishnyakova, O.D., Margania E.V. (2011). Funkcional’no-pragmaticheskaja adaptacija terminologicheskih edinic kak otrazhenie processa vzaimodejstvija nauchnogo i obshhego znanija [Functional and Pragmatic Adaptation of Terminological Units as a Reflection of the Process of Interaction of Scientific and Gneral Knowledge]. Vestnik Samarskogo gosudarstvennogo universitete. Gumanitarnaja serija [Bulletin of Samara State University. Humanitarian series], 1/2(82), 109-114 (in Russian).

25. Zabotkina, V.I. (2014). Kognitivnaja paradigma kak osnova prepodavanija jazykovyh discipline [The Cognitive Paradigm as the Basis for Teaching of Languages]. Vestnik MGU. Serija 19: Lingvistika i mezhkul’turnaja kommunikacija [Bulletin of Moscow State University. Series 19: Linguistics and Intercultural Communication], 2, 52-60 (in Russian).

26. Youngson, R.M. (1992). Collins dictionary of medicine. Glasgow: HarperCollins Publishers.


For citations:

Vishnyakova E.A., Vishnyakova O.D., Kiseleva A.V. MEDICAL PROFESSIONAL DISCOURSE WITHIN THE COGNITIVE LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS FRAMEWORK. Professional Discourse & Communication. 2019;1(1):55-69. (In Russ.)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

ISSN 2687-0126 (Online)