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Professional Discourse & Communication

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Vol 2, No 4 (2020)
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https://doi.org/10.24833/2687-0126-2020-2-4

10-27
Abstract
This article aims at the analysis of the linguistic and paralinguistic aspects of business communicative models in the plays by modern English speaking playwrights. The main methods of the undertaken study are those of functional-linguistic and linguosynergetic analysis. Due to the dialogue structure of plays, the examples of personages’ business interactions could be taken as robust empirical material for business discourse studies and observations of the factors which cause deregulation of business communication and its pragmatic norms. During business-related verbal interaction interlocutors follow strict rules and norms of English business discourse to achieve their communicative goals. However, even the most regulated speech behavior could be affected by functional and stylistic fluctuations due to unpredictability of extralinguistic factors. Analysis of extensive empirical material proves that the functional framework of business communicative norms in personages’ speech behavior is regulated by the speaker’s personality, psychology and emotional state, background knowledge as well as multiple elements of the external environment of the discursive functional system. The communicative strategies of drama characters are reflected in their choice of linguistic and paralinguistic methods of pragmatic impact on the interlocutor’s mind.
28-42
Abstract
With rapid development of Latino communities and their members’s active involvement in the US social and political life the attitudes toward Latinos (Hispanics) have changed, both from the outside and the inside. The Latino people themselves came to realize their self-identification and, consecutively, the portrayal of Latinos in the media has been altered. In this paper the author argues, that the range of Latino stereotypes has become wider today and that the model that used to work decades ago in picturing Latino migrants is no longer relevant. Thus, the main goal of the study is to mark out and describe the changes that have occurred in the US media regarding the images of ‘Latinos’ (/Latinas). Comparative analysis is the key method in addition to the content analysis of media publications. The empirical basis consists of 80 publications, including digital media footage, published in 2016-2020 (both in English and Spanish languages) – such as the New York Times, The Time, The Washington Post, El Opinion, etc. These newspapers and magazines are considered to be highly influential as they set the agenda, shape the opinion and affect public consciousness. The material of the study also comprises 20 TV episodes related to the coverage of Hispanic issues in the USA. Having analyzed the media content related to the Latino issue (mainstream media, online sources, TV footage), the author comes to a conclusion that the number of roles that are attributed to the Latinos/Latinas has increased significantly and the today’s narrative to a larger degree is aligned with the changes occurring in real life of the Latino community.
43-62
Abstract
The aim of the research is to determine the degree of influence of semantic diffuseness on the strength of the Art History terminology system. This paper examines topical issues of Art History. At the moment, the development of diffuseness of Art History terms can lead to the erosion of the Art History terminology system’s borders and even to the loss of the scholarly style of the language of the entire discipline. In this study, the following linguistic methods are used: semantic analysis, definitional analysis, contextual analysis, as well as elements of semasiological and cognitive analysis. The article reveals the specificity of semantic diffuseness, the reasons for diffuseness; violation of the consequences of the development of diffuseness in the terminology and terminological system of Art History. Scientific novelty of the paper lies in identifying ways to strengthen and structure the terminology system of Art History, taking into account the development of diffuseness in the Art History terminology. As a result, the difference between diffuse Art History terms and diffuse terms related to the terminological systems of other scientific disciplines was revealed, the difference between diffuse Art History terms and lexical units of general literary language was established, and linguistic criteria that allow diffuse terms to function in the Art History terminology system without the threat of blurring the boundaries of the Art History terminology system were highlighted.
63-80
Abstract
The paper considers the organizational aspect of EFL teachers’ professional development with a view to improving the educational results of their students. The author suggests a way of determination of the necessity for professional development, a way to organize the process of professional development and the means of measuring the effectiveness of this process. The fundamental didactic principle of the proposed approach is the timely on-the-job professional teacher`s development. At the beginning of the paper, the author discusses the changes that came along with the development of the EdTech market, online tools in education, opening up both new requirements and new opportunities to solve the problems of all participants of the educational process. Among the burning problems of the participants of the educational process are the following ones: the individual educational request of the student, the requirements of companies for the competencies of employees and candidates in the market, the influence on the student's result by the teacher’s training, the automation of teaching aids and tools for their analysis. One of the main demands of our time is, surely, the development of separate competencies, such as: social, emotional and digital activities of a person, the ability to be flexible in relation to circumstances, the ability to learn and relearn. The ecosystem solution of the listed problems is considered by the author as the most effective way, which is designed not to separate, but to unite the efforts that coordinate the goals of each of the participants and satisfy their needs. It is proposed to influence the student's result, formulated by themselves in accordance with the market or individual educational needs, by providing teachers with timely training and support for conducting a good first and subsequent lessons. As the evidence of the effectiveness of the considered approach, the main part of the article views the experiment of the training center team responsible for the training of 10,000+ English teachers at the Skyeng online school. This part provides an exhaustive description of the project, the proposed tools, training formats and metrics to calculate the effectiveness of the experiment; for the purpose of clarity, charts and other visual decryptions are added. The paper ends with a glossary, which will be useful to all experts experimenting in education, but especially for teachers, methodologists and managers of educational programs.
81-95
Abstract
The article presents an attempt to infer the key stages of creating an effective online English lesson based on corporate teaching practices and techniques of Skyeng online school. There have been revealed some important aspects that are to be taken into consideration when working out an online lesson structure and content. Having analyzed various theoretical courses on communicative language teaching methods and having combined them with the incorporated Skyeng practice in teaching English as a Second Language or English as a Foreign Language (ESL/EFL), we have come up with a certain algorithm which we advise to apply in lesson modelling: focusing on achievement aims rather than procedure aims, choosing the correct lesson structure, evaluating the studying materials and content, formulating methodological sections to aid the teachers. There have been presented some language management techniques currently used in Skyeng lessons, such as the correct formulation of the instructions, balancing teacher talking time and student talking time and the technique of a guided discovery. The practical application of Blooms’ taxonomy is illustrated in the example of additional speaking tasks and their correct development. There have been described such notions as: achievement aims, materials’ evaluation, TTT and STT balance, guided discovery, lesson content units, Blooms’ taxonomy, lesson structure. The article contains practical examples of how these notions are realised in the lessons developed in Skyeng online school. Though all the examples are shown in the paradigm of an online lesson, the same algorithm presented in the article is highly recommended when developing offline lessons which are traditionally held in a classroom. Thus, there has been made an attempt to work out a single algorithm for modelling effective online and offline ESL/EFL lessons.
96-101
Abstract
The reviewed work is the monograph written by M.S. Matytsina, the Associate Professor of Foreign Languages Department, Lipetsk State Technical University. In the book the author describes the development trends of the English immigration discourse in the scientific paradigm of critical research. The author focuses on establishing the relationship between discourse and society, and the connecting link in this interaction is cognitive structures, which are a subjective mental construct of participants in the communicative situation. The aim of the study is to analyze and systematize the existing knowledge about the problem of immigration in dynamically developing societies of Great Britain and the USA, assess the state of development of language processes that occur as a result of observed trends, and also identify the place and role of the language content of the discourse in social relations building. The study broadens and deepens the existing knowledge about various techniques of modern political rhetoric and discursive phenomena. The monograph is addressed to specialists in the field of discursive analysis, language theory, political linguistics, doctoral students, graduate students, applicants, teachers and students of institutes and departments of foreign languages.

CONFERENCE REPORTS

109-112
Abstract
This paper gives a brief summary of the work of the 7 th International Scientific Interdisciplinary Conference on Research and Methodology “Functional Aspects of Intercultural Communication. Translation and Interpreting Issues” held by RUDN University on November 20, 2020. Representatives of different countries took part in the conference: Russia, the UK, the USA, Germany, Belgium, Sweden, Spain, Paraguay, and Tunisia. The conference aims to reveal the diversity of functional aspects of intercultural communication within the process of world education integration, focusing on translation and interpreting issues in today’s society. The theoretical and applied problems raised at the conference are pressing and relevant to the study of modern professional cross-cultural discourse.


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ISSN 2687-0126 (Online)